Differential Effects of Capital Endowments in the Opportunity and Necessity Entrepreneurship of Migrant Workers
- 2016年 
【中文摘要】目前农民工创业扶助政策效果不理想的问题,在于大多数政策是从机会利用方面帮助农民工将已经认知到的创业机会尽快转化为创业行为。而农民工创业的难点就在于如何认知到有价值的创业机会。从对机会性与必要性创业者的个人资本分析结果发现,创业机会认知过程与农民工个人资本存量与类型有关。内聚型社会资本与隐性知识可以帮助农民工识别市场需求,而桥梁型社会资本与显性知识可以促进农民工定义价值创造能力。但是,一般农民工很难同时具有两方面的能力来识别出完整的创业机会。因而,农民工的创业扶助政策不能只关注机会的利用方面,应该设法在机会的认知过程中予以针对性的扶持。 【Abstract】The current entrepreneurship policies for migrant workers have produced limited results in opportunity exploitation as most of the policies are aimed at assisting migrant workers in launching startups with opportunities already recognized. The single biggest challenge to migrant workers' entrepreneurship is the difficulty of recognizing valuable opportunities. The results drawn from analyses of opportunity and necessity entrepreneurs show the stock and type of capital owned by individual migrant workers are crucial in the opportunity recognition process. The bonding social capital and tacit knowledge are helpful for the identification of market demand, while the bridging social capital and explicit knowledge are useful for the definition of value creation. However, few migrant workers possess both types of capital and knowledge to recognize an opportunity in its entirety. As such, the policy should exert additional pertinent effects on the opportunity recognition to opportunity exploitation.