Formation of Yuanhe's Political Norm from as Seen from the Two Expeditions to Chengde
- 2016年 
【中文摘要】继敉平西川、浙西之后的两次兴兵成德,是建构元和政治规范的重要一环。它不仅让宪宗重塑了皇权威信,同时也使得廷臣对河北藩镇的认知与想象逐渐从贞元时代的阴影中走出来,一种以中央为本位的文化自信得以重构与复归。及至唐廷诛杀吴元济,以维护皇权权威为核心、否定河朔故事为旨归的新的政治规范就已经制作完成。藩镇与中央之间的权力边线被再次界定,地方与中央的政治博弈则必须以此为参考系。此后,不仅长庆年间的收伏河朔可视为元和平藩的余烈,甚至敬宗以降唐廷“放弃河北、控制其余”的藩镇政策,都可以在元和政治规范的延长线上加以理解。 【Abstract】The two expeditions of the Tang government to Chengde following the subjugation of Xichuan and Zhexi are considered to be an essential step in the formation of Yuanhe's political norm. They not only restored the prestige and deterrent force of imperial power for Tang Emperor Xianzong, but also brought courtiers' perceptions and imagination of Hebei military governors out of the shadow of the Zhenyuan period, thus resetting a sense of confidence in the central-denominated culture. A new politic norm, which aimed to maintain the authority of imperial power as the core and negate stories of Heshuo as the basis, eventually took shape following the execution of Wu Yuanji by the central government. The division of rights between military governors and the central government became clear and definite again and was also used as a reference for political games between the central and local governments. Subsequently, influenced by Yuanhe's policies, Heshuo was conquered during the Changqing period. And even Tang Emperor Jingzong's policy of “abandoning Hebei and controlling the rest”could be examined and weighed on the basis of the political norm in the Yuanhe period.