Structures and their influence factors of three-dimensional fractal cadmium layer formed by electrodeposition
- 化学化工－已发表论文 
Three-dimensional fractal structure of the electrodeposited cadmium layer was investigated. The results suggested that the fractal growth begin with nanometer scale aggregate within which the atoms arrange in hexagonal close-packed lattice (the normal cadmium lattice). The fractal structure is correlated to the current density. The higher the current density is, the larger the size of fractal growth will be. Fractal structures can emerge in both the complete diffusion-limited process and the combination-limited process of the electrochemical reaction and diffusion. The fractal structure obtained from the simple hydrated ion electrolyte is different from that obtained from the complex ion electrolyte, which indicates they grow in different modes. The fractal dimensionality of deposit from the simple hydrated ion electrolyte is 2.592, smaller than that (2.608) from the complex ion electrolyte.