Analysis and leaching characteristics of mercury and arsenic in Chinese medicinal material
- 化学化工－已发表论文 
The purpose of this study is to investigate the amounts and characteristics of heavy metals (As, Hg) leachable from several Chinese medicinal materials (CM1\4) under conditions simulating stomach and intestine digestion and absorption. Analysis by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) was compared with that by hydride generation atomic fluorescence spectrometry (HG-AFS). Focused microwave assisted extraction (MAE) and Soxhlet extraction were carried out to compare with the conventional sequential extraction method. The CMM studied included two mineral drugs: realgar and cinnabar, and two formulated drugs containing the two minerals. The leachable amounts of the target elements into artificial stomach fluid, artificial intestinal fluid, and artificial intestinal fluid in 0.5% trypsin were compared. The last solvent gave the greatest amounts of leachable As (0.41%) from realgar and Hg (1 x 10(-4)%) from cinnabar, but otherwise no significant effect on the leachable amounts was observed upon changing the following parameters: temperature (37-60degreesC), HC1 concentration (0.5-6 M), and CMM sample particle size (74 and 250 mum). The low leaching efficiencies observed confirmed the presence of As and Hg as insoluble species (sulfides)in these mineral drugs. Sequential extraction schemes were used to determine the species of mercury and arsenic in formulated drugs containing the minerals. Trace amounts of organic forms of arsenic (0.43%) and mercury (2.9 x 10(-4)%) were observed which could be the transformation products derived from the original cinnabar or realgar minerals in drug formulation. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V.. All rights reserved.