Studies on lyotropic liquid-crystalline N-alkyl chitosans in formic acid
- 化学化工－已发表论文 
A series of derivatives of chitosan - N-alkyl (methyl, ethyl, propyl and butyl) chitosans - were synthesized from completely deacetylated chitosan. The degree of substitution (from 0.15 to 0.81) of the N-ethyl chitosan were obtained by controlling the molar ratio of the reactants. All the products showed lyotropic liquid-crystalline properties regardless of the length of the side chains and the degree of substitution. The critical concentration (C*) of the samples were measured by both microscopy and refractometry. C* seemed not to vary with the degree of substitution (ds) in the case of a given substituent chain, but rose dramatically depending on the length of the substituent group as this was varied from methyl to butyl. The results were explained according to Flory's classical theory as well as experimental of X-ray diffraction measurements.