Exploring Ship Emissions Mitigation Strategies for the Port of Shanghai
【中文摘要】在过去20年里，中国已发展成为全球进出口贸易大国。作为中国最重要的外贸门户之一，上海港集装箱吞吐量巨大，港口腹地经济发达。近年来，港口作业日益增多，大量航运公司、装卸公司和港务局也应运而生，但其大气排放也造成了负面的影响。本文采用初步定性方法，探究减少上海港排放量的管理策略。即基于扎根理论研究方法，从政策角度对港口营运商和港口官员进行深入的采访，提出并讨论了3个减排策略：接用岸电、制定有关燃料的规定和船舶减速。最后，得出具有政策意义的结论。 【Abstract】Over the last two decades, China has developed into a global export/import powerhouse. As one of China’s most important gateways for foreign trade,the Port of Shanghai handles huge container throughput and serves the economy of its hinterland. The increasing port operations in recent years have called for the establishment of more shipping lines, stevedore firms and port authorities, which,in turn, has resulted in negative atmospheric emissions. This paper adopts an initial qualitative approach to explore managerial strategies to mitigate emissions in the Port of Shanghai. From the policy perspective, this paper conducts indepth interviews with port operators and port officials based on grounded theory.Three mitigation strategies, namely, shore power, fuel regulation and ship speed reduction, are provided and discussed. Finally, conclusions with policy implications are drawn.