The 21st Century Maritime Silk Road: Sino-Sri Lanka Bilateral Maritime Cooperation
【中文摘要】丝绸之路经济带和21世纪海上丝绸之路是促进中国与古丝路沿线各国相互投资与合作的战略构想。2013年10月，中国国家主席习近平在出访东南亚国家期间，提出共建海上丝绸之路的重大倡议，他回顾了中国古代海上丝绸之路的历史，并勾勒出一条新的海上丝绸之路。中国重振海上丝绸之路，就是要弘扬古丝路和平、友好与合作的精神，与沿线各国实现共同发展，打造命运共同体，助推海上安全建设。本文将从3方面论述海上丝绸之路的建设：亚洲基础设施投资银行、基础设施建设和自由贸易区。最后，本文提出从政策、能力建设和培训等方面增强中斯双边海上合作。斯里兰卡是第一个正式支持中国“一带一路”战略的国家。中斯均希望两国的双边合作会成为新时期海上合作的样板，同时也让斯里兰卡成为镶嵌在21世纪海上丝绸之路上的一颗璀璨明珠。 【Abstract】 The Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road are Chinese strategic initiatives to increase investments and foster collaboration along the historic Silk Road. Chinese President Xi Jinping first raised the Maritime Silk Road initiative when he visited Southeast Asia in October 2013.During his visit, he memorialized the ancient Maritime Silk Road and outlined a new Maritime Silk Road, in order to revive the Maritime Silk Road to carry forward the spirit of peace, friendship, and cooperation of the ancient Silk Road.China hopes to realize common development with all countries along the road to improve maritime security, and develop a community of common destiny. This paper examines the building of the new Maritime Silk Road from three aspects: the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, infrastructure construction, and free trade areas. Finally, this paper proposes to better bilateral cooperation between China and Sri Lanka in the areas of policy, capacity building and training. Sri Lanka is the first country to officially support China’s initiatives and both countries hope that their bilateral collaboration will become a model for maritime cooperation in the new era, resulting in Sri Lanka becoming a dazzling pearl along the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road.