Potential Cooperation between China and Sri Lanka in the Field of Underwater Cultural Heritage Protection: A Comparative Study of the Legislation of the Two States
【中文摘要】中国和斯里兰卡在水下文化遗产保护领域有许多共同点。两国航海历史都十分悠久，在各自周边海域均有丰富的文化遗产。但是，中斯两国都无法确保各自水域内的所有沉船沉物均能得到保护。海上丝绸之路曾把中斯紧紧地联系在一起，两国之间的贸易往来盛极一时，如今在斯里兰卡仍有迹可循。在建设21世纪海上丝绸之路的大背景下，水下文化遗产保护是沿线各国所面临的共 同挑战，因此中斯在该领域的合作潜力巨大。本文主要对中斯两国有关水下文化遗产保护的立法进行研究，旨在比较两国的相关法律，确保两国的合作在立法层面上不存在障碍。 【Abstract】China shares a lot in common with Sri Lanka in the field of underwater cultural heritage (UCH) protection. Both States have a long history of maritime navigation and possess rich cultural heritage in their surrounding waters. Yet neither State has the ability to ensure protection of all wrecks in its waters. The two States were once connected by the Maritime Silk Road and traces of this once prosperous trade could still be found in Sri Lanka. In the context of building up the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, these two States have great potential to cooperate in the protection of UCH which poses a common challenge to all States along the Maritime Silk Road. Focusing on the legislation of both States with respect to the protection of UCH, this paper aims to compare relevant Sri Lankan laws with Chinese laws and further to ensure that there is no obstacle for Sino-Sir Lankan cooperation at the legislative level.