Fluorimetric determination of nitrogen oxides in the air by a novel red-region fluorescent reagent
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A sensitive fluorimetric method for the determination of nitrogen oxides (NOx: NO+NO2) in air is described. Nitrogen dioxide (nitrogen monoxide was previously converted to nitrogen dioxide in oxide tubes) was aspirated through a fritted glass bubble at a flow rate of 500 ml min(-1) for 120 min and fixed as nitrite, using 0.1 N NaOH as a trapping solution with the empirical absorption efficiency 0.74 and the stoichiometric factor 0.5. The method is based on the fluorescence quenching of a red-region fluorescent reagent, tetra-substituted amino aluminum phthalocyanine (TAAlPc), after being diazotized by nitrite. Under optimal conditions the linear range of the calibration curve for nitrite is 1-40 ng ml(-1) (NO2 0.24-9.6 ppb, v/v). The detection limit is 0.34 ng ml(-1) for nitrite (NO2 0.08 ppb, v/v) and the relative standard deviation for six replicate measurements of 15 ng ml(-1) nitrite is 3.2%. The method has been applied to the determination of nitrogen oxides in the air with satisfactory results. Typical gaseous co-pollutants such as SO2, H2S and HCHO did not interference the determination. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.