Over One Hundred Year Sedimentary Record of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in the Andaman Sea, Malaysia
- 海外教育－已发表论文 
[摘要]：采用GCPMS 分析研究了马来西亚海域安达曼海兰卡威岛邻近海域沉积物柱样(WC02) 中多环芳烃(PAHs) 组成与含量的 垂直分布特征, 结合210Pb定年, 重现了该海域近百年来PAHs 的沉积历史( 1898~ 2004 年) . 研究表明, PAHs 在整个沉积剖面( 0 ~ 56 cm) 的含量介于1312~ 6011 ng# g- 1 之间( 平均值2814 ng# g- 1) , 所分析的PAHs 中以菲、萘、等化合物为主, 与当地周边海 域相比污染程度较轻. 在20 世纪20 年代以前, 沉积物中多环芳烃含量较低, 基本代表当地环境的本底值, 即多环芳烃主要来 源于天然物质的输入; 20 年代以后PAHs 的总量有所上升, 并在20 世纪60 年代和80 年代出现了2 个峰值, 表明这段时间内多 环芳烃的陆源输入特征比较明显, 也反映了人类活动在20 世纪20 年代后开始对该海域产生一定的影响. 采用母体、高低环 PAH 比值对沉积物柱样中PAHs 的来源进行分析, 表明该海域沉积物受到燃料不完全燃烧产物污染为主、并伴有石油类污染, 这与马来西亚西海域周边地区的人类活动( 工农业生产、进出口、海上活动等) 密切相关, 同时也受到马六甲海峡繁忙的海上 交通运输影响. 对沉积物柱样污染历史进行分析, 表明PAHs 含量的阶段性变化与该地区不同时期的人文活动和社会经济( 国 内生产总值) 的发展状况密切相关, 较好地反映了人类活动对环境的影响.[Abstract]:Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in a sediment core collected from Langkawi Island of the Andaman Sea, Malaysia were determined by GCPMS, the vertical variations of concentration and distributions of PAHs were investigated. In combining with 210Pb2dating, the PAHs sedimentary record in the last 100 years was reconstructed and their possible sources were also discussed. The EPAH concentration ranged from 131226011 ng#g- 1 in the whole sedimentary section ( 0256 cm) with the dominant compounds of phenanthrene, naphthalene and perylene. The sediments contaminated to a lesser extent comparing with the surrounding waters. Before the 1920s, the concentrations of PAHs were considered to be the background level, which was implied from the natural inputs. The historical records of PAHs in the core showed that two distinct peaks which represented the input time of 1960s and 1980s, respectively, inferred that there were some relatively dramatically land2based inputs, and human activities leaded a clear impact to these waters during these periods. Furthermore, PAHs diagnostic ratios indicated that PAHs in the core sediments were mainly of pyrolytic origin ( combustion) , accompanied with minor petroleum origin. These were related with agriculture, industry, ocean import and export, and shipping activities in the surrounding regions. Meanwhile as the vital communication line, the marine transportation of the Strait of Malacca had influenced the environmental quality of the Andaman Sea. Meanwhile, based on the sedimentary record, PAHs concentrations were found to correlate positively with humanism activities and socioeconomic development (Gross Domestic Production) in the surrounding regions.