Novel anion exchange membranes based on polymerizable imidazolium salt for alkaline fuel cell applications
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A new polymerizable imidazolium salt monomer, 1-(4-vinylbenzyl)-3-methyl-imidazolium chloride ([VBMI]Cl), has been readily synthesized by reaction of 4-vinylbenzyl chloride with 1-methylimidazole. Novel anion exchange membranes (AEMs) based on the copolymers of [VBMI]Cl and styrene have been prepared and characterized. Excellent thermostability of the membranes is observed through the thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA) curves. Water uptake and ion exchange capacity (IEC) of the OH(-) form AEMs range from 26.1% to 61.9% and from 0.95 to 1.45 mmol g(-1), respectively. This type of AEM displays significant ionic conductivities over the order of 10(-2) S cm(-1) in deionized water at room temperature, and the membranes are stable in 10 mol L(-1) NaOH solution at 60 degrees C for 120 h. For the H(2)/air single fuel cell at 30 degrees C with this novel AEM, the peak power density of 33 mW cm(-2) is obtained at a current density of 59 mA cm(-2).
CitationJOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY，2011，21（30）：11340-11346