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dc.contributor.author丁振华
dc.contributor.author吴浩
dc.contributor.author刘洋
dc.contributor.author袁彦婷
dc.contributor.author张玲
dc.date.accessioned2016-05-17T06:53:26Z
dc.date.available2016-05-17T06:53:26Z
dc.date.issued2010
dc.identifier.citation环境科学,2010,(8):4-10
dc.identifier.issn0250-3301
dc.identifier.otherHJKZ201008002
dc.identifier.urihttps://dspace.xmu.edu.cn/handle/2288/119033
dc.description.abstract通过对海南、广东、广西、福建的8个主要红树林地区沉积物中甲基汞以及环境因子的研究,分析了红树林生态系统中甲基汞的分布及其汞的甲基化作用.结果表明:1沉积物中总汞和甲基汞的含量分布并不一致.中国主要红树林区海南(三亚、东寨港)、广东(特呈岛、雷州、高桥、福田)、广西(大冠沙)、福建(浮宫)表层沉积物中甲基汞含量分别为(0.24±0.04)、(0.58±0.27)、(0.52±0.23)、(1.56±0.49)、(0.50±0.25)、(1.21±0.36)、(1.86±1.04)和(0.47±0.16)ng.g-1.甲基汞含量有很明显的地域区别,其含量顺序为大冠沙>雷州>福田>东寨港>特呈岛>高桥>浮宫>三亚.工业和养殖业输入的汞和有机质显著增加了沉积物中甲基汞水平.对比世界其他河口湿地,我国红树林湿地沉积物中的甲基汞污染较为严重.2红树林沉积物的甲基化比率介于0.11%~7.13%.甲基化比率顺序由大到小为大冠沙>特呈岛>雷州>福田>高桥>东寨港>三亚>浮宫.甲基化比率与砂粒显著正相关(P<0.05),与粉粒和黏粒显著负相关(P<0.05).3沉积物中总细菌含量范围为2.44x1010~1.91x1011Cfu/g(以干重计,下同),浮宫>三亚>高桥>东寨>福田>大冠沙.各环境因子对微生物数量的影响无显著差异.沉积物中Srb的含量介于1.73x104~4.92x106Cfu/g,福田>浮宫>东寨港>三亚>高桥>大冠沙.高有机废水是导致沉积物中Srb含量增高的主要原因.沉积物类型对Srb在沉积物表层的分布也有较大影响.甲基汞和环境因子之间并没有明显的相关性,外源输入是我国红树林湿地沉积物中的甲基汞污染的主要原因.
dc.description.abstractTotal mercury(THg),methylmercury(MeHg) and environmental factors were determined to study distributions of MeHg and Hg methylation in the sediments from 8 main mangrove areas of China.The results showed that it was not consistent for distributions of THg and MeHg in sediments.Concentrations of MeHg in sediments from Sanya,Dongzhaigang(Hainan Province),Techengdao,Leizhou,Gaoqiao,Futian(Guangdong Province),Daguansha(Guangxi Autonomous Region),Fugong(Fujian Province) were(0.24 ± 0.04),(0.58 ± 0.27),(0.52 ± 0.23),(1.56 ± 0.49),(0.50 ± 0.25),(1.21 ± 0.36),(1.86 ± 1.04),(0.47 ± 0.16) ng.g-1 respectively.There were regional difference in MeHg contents which decreased in the order of Daguansha > Leizhou > Futian > Dongzhaigang > Techengdao > Gaoqiao > Fugong > Sanya.Input of Hg and organic matter from industry and aquiculture may lead to high level of MeHg.Compared with sediments from other estuaries of the world,serious pollution of MeHg was found in mangrove sediments of China.② % MeHg in mangrove sediments ranged from 0.11% to 7.13%,which decreased in the order of Daguansha > Techengdao > Leizhou > Futian > Gaoqiao > Dongzhaigang > Sanya > Fugong.There was significantly positive correlation between % MeHg and sandy fraction(p < 0.05),and significantly negative correlation between % MeHg and silt-clay fraction(p < 0.05).③ Total bacteria(TB) in mangrove sediments ranged from 2.44 × 1010 to 1.91 × 1011 CFU/g(dry weight),TB decreased in the order of Fugong > Sanya > Gaoqiao > Dongzhaigang > Futian > Daguansha.Sulfate-reducing bacterium(SRB) ranged from 1.73 × 104 to 4.92 × 106 CFU/g,SRB decreased in the order of Futian > Fugong > Dongzhaigang > Sanya > Gaoqiao > Daguansha.Wastewater with high organic matters leads to high SRB.The types of surface sediments also had a great impact on the amount of SRB.There was no significant correlation among MeHg and environmental factors,which indicated that exogenous input is the main cause of MeHg pollution in mangrove sediments.
dc.description.sponsorship国家自然科学基金项目(40676064;30530150);中国科学院地球化学研究所环境地球化学国家重点实验室项目
dc.language.isozh_CN
dc.subject
dc.subject甲基汞
dc.subject红树林
dc.subject沉积物
dc.subject影响因素
dc.subjectmercury
dc.subjectmethylmercury
dc.subjectmangroves
dc.subjectsediments
dc.subjectimpact factors
dc.title中国主要红树林湿地中甲基汞的分布特征及影响因素初探
dc.title.alternativePreliminary Study on the Distribution and Impact Factors of Methylmercury in Surficial Sediments from Main Mangrove Wetlands of China
dc.typeArticle


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