Synthetic Chemistry of Fullerenes
- 化学化工－已发表论文 
Fullerenes are a class of cage-like molecules made of hexagons and exactly twelve pentagons. Since the discovery of fullerene in the middle of 1980's, the chemistry of fullerenes has become a flourishing field as a result of their unique structures and remarkable properties. In the past twenty-five years, significant progress has been achieved in both fundamental and practical fields. Efforts have been made to improve synthetic efficiency and to synthesize new species of fullerene cage. Herein we review the methods for fullerene synthesis and the novel cage geometries (more than 60 fullerene structures) that have been retrieved and characterized to date. Advances in the production, separation and characterization of various fullerenes are presented, including hollow fullerenes, endohedral fullerenes, exohedral derivatives of fullerenes and azafullerenes.