Effective monitoring of corrosion in reinforcing steel in concrete constructions by a multifunctional sensor
- 化学化工－已发表论文 
A novel multifunctional sensor is developed for in situ and non-destructive monitoring of the corrosion current and open circuit potential of reinforcing steel, as well as the pH and Cl(-) concentration of concrete. The pH and Cl(-) sensors show good responses to the pH and Cl(-) concentration of concrete pore solutions, respectively, and are able to monitor both the carbonization process of concrete and the ingress of Cl(-) in concrete. Combined with measurements of the corrosion potential and corrosion current density, as well as the EIS spectra of reinforcing steel in concrete, this study demonstrates that the pH and the Cl(-) concentration of concrete are two of the most crucial factors that determine the corrosion of reinforcing steel in concrete. The corrosion tendency and corrosion rate of reinforcing steel largely depend on the chemical environment in the concrete. The multifunctional sensor is a powerful tool for in situ monitoring corrosion of steel in concrete, and provides accurate details of the chemical condition of the concrete pore solution and the corrosion status of the reinforcing steel in concrete. These are essential for corrosion predictions and service life evaluations of concrete constructions. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.