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dc.contributor.author侯小凤zh_CN
dc.contributor.author陈伟琪zh_CN
dc.contributor.author张珞平zh_CN
dc.contributor.author王毅zh_CN
dc.contributor.authorHOU Xiaofengzh_CN
dc.contributor.authorCHEN Weiqizh_CN
dc.contributor.authorZHANG Luopingzh_CN
dc.contributor.authorWANG Yizh_CN
dc.date.accessioned2011-04-26T08:00:45Z
dc.date.available2011-04-26T08:00:45Z
dc.date.issued2004-08zh_CN
dc.identifier.citation厦门大学学报(自然科学版),2004,43(增):236-242zh_CN
dc.identifier.issn0438-0479zh_CN
dc.identifier.urihttps://dspace.xmu.edu.cn/handle/2288/1175
dc.description.abstract[摘要]:从环境经济学这一新的视角探讨了沿海农业区的农药污染问题. 选择濒临同安湾的厦门同安区为案例研究 区,以1999 年7 月至2000 年6 月为研究年限,对该地区施用农药的环境费用加以货币化评估. 本研究将环境经济学 的评估技术与EQC 和SoilFug 模型以及层次分析法结合使用,使环境费用的货币化估算更具科学性. 结果表明,施用 农药产生的外部费用与私人成本的比值大于0. 8. 基于环境费用分析和SoilFug 模型的运算结果,运用线性规划模型 求出研究区主要农作物的最佳种植面积,即在减少、控制农药用量的前提下又使经济效益最大的种植结构,以期寻 求经济与环境协调发展的新途径. 此外,还就征收农药产品税以及发挥价格杠杆作用控制农药污染问题作了探讨.[Abstract]:Pesticide pollution ,as a well2known type of major non2point source pollution in coastal agricultural region ,causes a series of impact s on the ecological environment which are discussed with the new perspective and analytical ideals of environmental economics in this paper. Tongan Dist rict in Xiamen was chosen as the study area which borders on Tongan Bay. The environmental cost s incurred by applying pesticides in Tongan Dist rict f rom J uly 1999 to J une 2000 are evaluated. The analyti2 cal approaches of environmental economics are combined with the EQC model ,Soilfug model and Analytical Hi2 erarchy Process (AHP) in the study ,which makes the monetary evaluation on the environmental cost s more sci2 entific. The result indicates that the ratio of environmental cost s to the private cost s is more than 0. 80. On the basis of the result s of the environmental cost analysis and the Soilfug model operation ,the Linear Programming (L P) model is then applied to find the optimal size of planting area of main crops ,allowing for the greatest eco2 nomic gain ,while lowering negative externalities in pesticide application. The ultimate aim is to seek an optimal path of applying pesticide rationally and effectively ,to ensure harmonious development of the economy and the environment . The issues about using pesticide product taxes and the role of the price lever to cont rol pesticide pollution are also discussed.zh_CN
dc.description.sponsorship福建省自然科学基金(D9810002) 资助zh_CN
dc.language.isozhzh_CN
dc.publisher《厦门大学学报(自然科学版)》编辑部zh_CN
dc.subject沿海农业区zh_CN
dc.subject农药zh_CN
dc.subject外部成本zh_CN
dc.subject对策zh_CN
dc.subjectcoastal agricultural regionzh_CN
dc.subjectpesticidezh_CN
dc.subjectenvironmental costzh_CN
dc.subjectmanagement countermeasurezh_CN
dc.title沿海农业区施用农药的环境费用分析及管理对策zh_CN
dc.title.alternativeEnvironmental Cost Analysis and Management Countermeasures of Pesticide Application in Coastal Agricultural Regionzh_CN
dc.typeArticlezh_CN


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