In Situ Measurement of the Permeability of Concrete by FTIR-MIR
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Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy with multiple internal reflection mode (FTIR-MIR) has been applied for the first time to measure the permeability of concrete. The effect of water-cement ratio and curing time on the microstructure and permeability of concrete was studied. Also, the penetration process of H(2)O and SO(4)(2-) through the concrete specimens was investigated. The results indicated that the movement of H(2)O through unsaturated concrete was mainly caused by capillary suction and the movement of SO(4)(2-) through unsaturated concrete should take into account diffusion, advection caused by a capillary suction flow and the reaction between SO(4)(2-) and the cement hydration products. The permeability of concrete was determined by its microstructure. With the decrease in water-cement ratio and the increase in curing time, the porosity and the connectivity of pores in concrete decreased, which resulted in the decrease of concrete permeability.
CitationSPECTROSCOPY AND SPECTRAL ANALYSIS，2011,31（5）：1236-1240