Synthesis of Porphyrin-Fullerene Complexes
Wan, Xinjun（Chaohu Coll, Dept Chem & Mat Sci）
Yan, Juan（Chaohu Coll, Dept Chem & Mat Sci）
- 化学化工－已发表论文 
Fullerenes have been found to be good acceptors, due to their unique three-dimensional structure and remarkably withdrawing electron. Porphyrins are frequently used as ideal donors for their pi conjugate structure and plentiful pi electrons. Also, they are good photosensitizers, and have wide absorbability in UV-vis region. Porphyrin-fullerene complexes.become currently active fields for their promising value of mimics of the natural photosynthetic reaction centers and photoinduced electron transfer. This material is hopeful to be applied in photovoltaic cells and solar cells. In accordance with the different ways to connect porphyrin and fullerene, porphyrin-fullerene complexes can be divided into two types: covalently linked and non-covalently linked. Covalently linked porphyrin-fullerene complexes are synthesized mainly through cycloaddition reactions, such as the 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reaction, Diels-Alder cycloaddition reaction and Bingel-Hirsch cycloaddition reaction. Non-covalently linked porphyrin-fullerene complexes are obtained maily through the axial coordination of metal and the hydrogen bonding. This review covers the recent progress in synthesis of different types of porphyrin-fullerene complexes, including the synthesis and application prospects of covalently linked porphyrin-fullerene compounds, existing problems in synthetic methods and further prospects in this field.