Microalgae bioengineering: From CO(2) fixation to biofuel production
Danquah, Michael K.（Monash Univ, Dept Chem Engn）
Chen, Xiao Dong
- 化学化工－已发表论文 
The recognised deficiencies in sustainable development and the extensive environmental deterioration and global warming concerns caused by anthropological CO(2) emissions are major issues facing the world today. Massive reduction in atmospheric CO(2) concentration, through the development of processes that utilize CO(2) or minimise CO(2) emissions, is critical to ensure environmental sustainability. One of the major contributors to anthropological CO(2) emission is the combustion of petroleum fuels in vehicular engines for transportation. Biofuel, as an alternative to petroleum transport fuels, has become a partial substitute for fossil fuel. The use of microalgae for biofuel production has gained enormous research interests in recent years, primarily due to the ability to photosynthetically convert CO(2) (a biology-inspired process engineering route) into potential biofuel biomass, as well as food, feed stocks, and high value biochemicals. In this review, the CO(2) fixation ability of microalgae in comparison to other plant species and genetic engineering methods of improving microalgae photosynthetic rate, have been discussed. Advances in bioprocess technologies for microalgal biomass creation and biodiesel production are also described and other important matters are discussed. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
CitationRENEWABLE & SUSTAINABLE ENERGY REVIEWS，2011,15（6）：3252-3260