Sensing or No Sensing: Can the Anomeric Effect Be Probed by a Sensing Molecule?
Mo, Yirong（ Western Michigan Univ, Dept Chem）
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The anomeric effect plays a central role in carbohydrate chemistry, but its origin is controversial, and both the hyperconjugation model and the electrostatic model have been proposed to explain this phenomenon. Recently, Cocinero et al. designed a peptide sensor, which can bind to a sugar molecule methyl D-galactose, and claimed that the anomeric effect can be sensed by the spectral changes from the beta- to the alpha-complex, which are ultimately attributed to the lone pair electron density change on the endocyclic oxygen atom [Nature 2011, 469, 76; J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2011, 133, 4548], Here, we provide strong computational evidence showing that the observed spectral changes simply come from the conformational differences between the alpha- and beta-anomers, as the replacement of the endocyclic oxygen atom with a methylene group, which disables both the endo- and the exo-anomeric effects in methyl D-galactose, leads to similar spectral shifts. In other words, the "sensor" cannot probe the anomeric effect as claimed. We further conducted detailed energetic and structural analyses to support our arguments.
CitationJ. Am. Chem. Soc., 2011, 133 (34)： 13731–13736