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dc.contributor.author杜飞雁
dc.contributor.author王雪辉
dc.contributor.author李纯厚
dc.contributor.author张汉华
dc.contributor.author贾晓平
dc.date.accessioned2016-05-17T03:30:56Z
dc.date.available2016-05-17T03:30:56Z
dc.date.issued2009
dc.identifier.citation生态学报,2009,(3):41-48
dc.identifier.issn1000-0933
dc.identifier.otherSTXB200903009
dc.identifier.urihttps://dspace.xmu.edu.cn/handle/2288/114765
dc.description.abstract利用2004年3月、5月、9月和12月的大型底栖动物定量采样数据,对大亚湾大型底栖动物的群落结构进行研究。结果表明,大亚湾大型底栖动物大致可分为3个群落,分别分布于湾顶及湾中大部分海域、湾中部和湾口海域,湾中部海域群落的变化较为显著。大型底栖动物整体群落结构的季节变化总体较小,但雨季对大型底栖动物群落的影响较大,存在较明显的干湿季差异。大亚湾海域生态环境受到明显的扰动,处于扰动状态中的大型底栖动物群落稳定性较差;湾顶和湾中大部分海域内的群落Ⅰ,为大亚湾的主体群落,以软体动物为主,种类组成单一、季节变化小,以小鳞帘蛤VErEMOlPA MICrA和粗帝汶蛤TIMOClEASCAbrA为特征种。该群落的稳定性最差,处于较强烈的扰动之中;稳定分布于湾口的群落Ⅲ稳定性最好,未受到扰动,以多毛类为主,种类组成较为复杂、变化较大;湾中部海域大型底栖动物群落结构变化较为复杂,主要变化区域为马鞭州附近海域。该群落系经强烈的人为扰动后,经次生演替而形成的新群落,其种类组成的季节变化非常显著,各季的种类几乎完全不同,群落的独立性和抗干扰能力均较弱;与1980'S相比,大亚湾大部分区域内大型底栖动物基本保持了原有的群落,但群落稳定性大幅下降,群落的分布范围和种类组成发生较大程度的改变,主体群落组成呈明显的简单化趋势。在人类活动影响下,湾内同一区域内群落完全演替、湾中部海域出现新的群落。
dc.description.abstractBased on macrobenthos samples collected from 4 survey cruises at 40 research stations in March,May,Sept.and Dec.2004 in Daya Bay,South China Sea,the community structure of macrobenthos was studied.The result showed that macrobenthos community in Daya Bay can be divided into three groups from the inner bay to the main area of the central bay,the central bay and outer bay.The effect of changes between wet and dry seasons on the macrobenthos community structure in Daya Bay was relatively stronger,although seasonal effect on the overall community structure was small.Daya Bay was shown to be ecologically disturbed and the stability of macrobenthic community was weak.Specifically,the inner bay and main area of the central bay was strongly disturbed and was dominated by Group I community that was characterized as simple low stability and dominated by molluscs.Dominant species were Veremolpa micra and Timoclea scabra.The outer bay received little disturbance and the community was most stable.The community belongs to Group Ⅲ that was dominated by polychaete and characterized as complicated and variable.The community change in the central bay was more complicated,concentrated mainly around Maiban Zhou.Its community structure was strongly affected by human disturbance and largely different from other community groups.Species composition of the group was variable which differed largely between seasons.The stability and resilience of the community is low.The current macrobenthic community in Daya Bay is different from the 1980s' state with largely different species composition,reduced community stability and complexity.Overall,under human disturbance,the macrobenthos community in Daya Bay,and particularly in the central bay,changed to a totally different structure.
dc.description.sponsorship中央级公益性科研院所专项基金资助项目(2007ZD08;2007ST08);国家科技部公益资助项目(2005DIB3J020);广东省重大科技兴海资助项目(A200099E01);国家农业部海洋与河口渔业重点开放实验室基金资助项目(开-2-04-15);国家农业部渔业生态环境重点开放实验室开放基金资助项目(2004-2、2005-2)
dc.language.isozh_CN
dc.subject大型底栖动物
dc.subject群落结构
dc.subject大亚湾
dc.subject南海北部
dc.subjectmacrobenthos
dc.subjectcommunity structure
dc.subjectDaya Bay
dc.subjectSouth China Sea
dc.title大亚湾大型底栖动物的群落结构
dc.title.alternativeMacrobenthic community structure in Daya Bay,South China Sea
dc.typeArticle


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