Fabrication of multi-level carbon nanotube arrays with adjustable patterns
Vladimir Svrcek(Natl Inst Adv Ind Sci & Technol, Next Generat Device Team, Res Ctr Photovolta Technol, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 3058568, Japan)
- 化学化工－已发表论文 
Multi-level carbon nanotube (CNT) arrays with adjustable patterns were prepared by a combination of the breath figure (BF) process and chemical vapor deposition. Polystyrene-b-poly(acrylic acid)/ferrocene was dissolved in carbon disulfide and cast onto a Si substrate covered with a transmission electron microscope grid in saturated relative humidity. A two-level microporous hybrid film with a block copolymer skeleton formed on the substrate after evaporation of the organic solvent and water. One level of ordered surface features originates from the contour of the hard templates; while the other level originates from the condensation of water droplets (BF arrays). Ultraviolet irradiation effectively cross-linked the polymer matrix and endowed the hybrid film with improved thermal stability. In the subsequent pyrolysis, the incorporated ferrocene in the hybrid film was oxidized and turned the polymer skeleton into the ferrous inorganic micropatterns. Either the cross-linked hybrid film or the ferrous inorganic micropatterns could act as a template to grow the multi-level CNT patterns, e. g. isolated and honeycomb-structured CNT bundle arrays perpendicular to the substrate.