Assessment of Handy-Cohen optimized exchange density functional (OPTX)
William A. Goddard
- 化学化工－已发表论文 
In this paper we present a systematic assessment of the Handy-Cohen optimized exchange density functional (OPTX), comparing results from OLYP and O3LYP with those from BLYP and B3LYP. We find that OPTX significantly outperforms Becke88 in the calculations of the atomic exchange energies, and O3LYP leads to the best total atomic energies (H to Ar) among these four functions. We find OLYP and O3LYP are competitive or even better than BLYP and B3LYP in the predictions of ionization potentials, electron affinities, and proton affinities against the extended G2 set of 75 atoms and molecules. For thermochemistry of the extended G2 set of 148 molecules, we find that the mean absolute deviation (in kcal/mol) follows the order BLYP (7.10) > OLYP (4.66) > O3LYP (4.13) > B3LYP (3.14). Thus OLYP is the best pure DFT, but B3LYP is the best overall. The histogram of error distribution of the G2 set indicates that O3LYP has more predictive power than B3LYP, although O3LYP has a tendency for overbinding. OLYP and O3LYP significantly outperform BLYP and B3LYP in describing van der Waals interactions, but OLYP and O3LYP underestimate hydrogen bond strengths even more than BLYP and B3LYP and, hence, cannot be recommended for studying hydrogen bond systems.