Valence bond calculations of hydrogen transfer reactions: A general predictive pattern derived from theory
Philippe C. Hiberty
- 化学化工－已发表论文 
Hydrogen abstraction reactions of the type X-. + H-H' --> X-H + H'(.) (X = F, Cl, Br, l) are studied by ab initio valence bond methods and the VB state correlation diagram (VBSCD) model. The reaction barriers and VB parameters of the VBSCD are computed by using the breathing orbital valence bond and valence bond configuration interaction methods. The combination of the VBSCD model and semiempirical VB theory leads to analytical expressions for the barriers and other VB quantities that match the ab initio VB calculations fairly well. The barriers are influenced by the endo- or exothermicity of the reaction, but the fundamental factor of the barrier is the average singlet-triplet gap of the bonds that are broken or formed in the reactions. Some further approximations lead to a simple formula that expresses the barrier for nonidentity and identity hydrogen abstraction reactions as a function of the bond strengths of reactants and products. The semiempirical expressions are shown to be useful not only for the model reactions that are studied in this work, but also for other nonidentity and identity hydrogen abstraction reactions that have been studied in previous articles.