Distribution and Mobility of Copper, Zinc and Lead in Plant-Sediment Systems of Quanzhou Bay Estuary, China
Li Yu-Hong（Quanzhou Normal Univ, Dept Biol）
Wu Gui-Lan（Quanzhou Normal Univ, Dept Biol）
- 生命科学－已发表论文 
The distribution, mobility and potential risks of Cu, Zn, and Pb in four typical plant-sediment co-systems of the Quanzhou Bay estuary wetland in southeast China were investigated using a sequential extraction procedure. The results show that the sediments were moderately or heavily contaminated with Zn and Pb in all four plant communities, and the plant-sediment systems could act as a sink for the heavy metals. In all investigated sediments, only a small proportion of measured heavy metals were distributed in exchangeable fraction and carbonate fraction, while the reducible fraction contained the highest amount of Zn and Pb of the total readily bioavailable fractions, and the oxidizable fraction exhibited a higher retention capacity for Zn and Cu, but lower for Pb. Alternanthera philoxeroides had the best ability to accumulate heavy metals among the four species. Phragmites communis was quite tolerant to Zn and Pb and had a good capability to transfer Zn and Pb. Aegiceras corniculatum seems to be effective in resisting heavy metal pollution, and therefore cannot serve as an indicator of contamination. The urgent need for many local enterprises is to carry out high-tech cleaner production to reduce the emission of pollutants and achieve a resource-economical and environment-friendly development.