A modified entropic expression for the analysis of swelling behavior of polymeric membranes in solutions
Qing Lin Liu
Zhen Feng Cheng
- 化学化工－已发表论文 
The linear mixed relation for mixed molar volume and free-volume were modified to derive our new activity expression attributed to the combined combinatorial and free volume contributions. The validity and applicability of this expression were demonstrated by calculating the solvent activity in polymer solutions and analyzing the swelling behaviors for polymeric membranes. The average absolute deviation (AAD) of these calculated results from the experimental values of solvent activities for polymer solutions was employed for comparison. It is shown that the modified model can yield better results than the original one for most of the systems considered. The swelling behavior of poly vinyl alcohol (PVA) membranes in water/glycol (EG) mixture over a wide range of concentrations was analyzed. The activity of solvents in the liquid and the membrane was calculated by the UNIQUAC model and this present modified model, respectively. The estimations are consistent with experimental data roughly at temperatures of 333 and 343 K. It is found that the modified model is a suitable alternative to the Flory-Huggins equation for the analysis of the swelling behaviors of polymeric membranes in solutions. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.