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dc.contributor.author武毅英
dc.contributor.author陈晓龙
dc.date.accessioned2016-05-17T03:10:59Z
dc.date.available2016-05-17T03:10:59Z
dc.date.issued2014-7-28
dc.identifier.citation大学教育科学,2014,(4):94-99
dc.identifier.issn1672-0717
dc.identifier.otherJXGJ201404019
dc.identifier.urihttps://dspace.xmu.edu.cn/handle/2288/110161
dc.description.abstract近年来,我国大学生就业形势日益严峻,岗位竞争异常激烈,不少大学生靠“挤占“低学历者的工作岗位而获就业。此现象与多数发达国家在高等教育大众化阶段出现的情况相似,因此被称为“低层次就业“或“教育过度“现象。对此,马丁·特罗的“改造工作论“却有另一番解读:大众高等教育主要培养的是技术精英,由于其拥有更丰富的应用与职业技能,因此一旦从事低层次工作,便能较好地发挥创造性来改造和改善“低层次“工作状况;“教育过度“有时是个体为提升自身素质而对教育产生的需求,这种需求产生的教育过度具有不可控和不确定性,未必都是政策失误所致。显然,“改造工作论“的观点更全面、客观与积极,它以独特的视角将“低层次就业“与个体发挥创造性联系起来,这或许能为化解大学生的就业困惑提供一种新的思路。
dc.description.abstractRecently, with the deteriorating employment situation of college students, job competition is fierce.Many graduates search for jobs rely on "crowding out" low qualifications.This phenomenon is similar with most developed countries in popular stage of higher education.It is called "lowlevel jobs" or "over-education" phenomenon.However, Martin.Trow's transformation theory is of a different interpretation: technical elites are trained in the popular stage of higher education, because they have rich professional skills, they will be able to use creativity to transform and improve the "lowlevel" working conditions once they are engaged in low-level work."Education excessive", sometimes are, individuals need to improve their own quality, it is an uncontrollable and uncertainty, not caused by policy mistakes.Obviously, the point of "transformation theory" is more comprehensive, objective and positive.It is a distinctive perspective to the "low level of employment" and linked to individual creativity, which may be able to provide a new way to resolve undergraduate employment problems.
dc.description.sponsorship教育部人文社科重点研究基地重大项目“大学生结构性失业的教育审视与治理”(11JJD880026)
dc.language.isozh_CN
dc.subject改造工作论
dc.subject大学生
dc.subject低层次就业
dc.subjecttransformation theory
dc.subjectundergraduate
dc.subjectlow-level job
dc.title改造工作论视域下的大学生“低层次就业”
dc.title.alternativeAnalysis on the “Low-Level Job” Phenomenon under the “Transformation Theory” Sight
dc.typeArticle


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