Preparation and evaluation of stable coating for capillary electrophoresis using coupled chitosan as coated modifier
- 化学化工－已发表论文 
A coated capillary modified with a coupled chitosan (COCH) was developed by using a simple and fast (60 min) process that could be easily automated in capillary electrophoresis instrument. The COCH coating was achieved by first attaching chitosan to the capillary inner wall, and then coupling with glutaraldehyde, and rinsing chitosan again to react with glutaraldehyde. The COCH coating was stable and showed amphoteric character over the pH range of 1.8-12.0. When the pH value was lower than 4.5, the capillary surface possessed positive charges, which caused a reversal in the direction of the electroosmotic flow (EOF). The normal EOF direction could be obtained when the pH value was higher than 4.5. The COCH coating showed strong stability against 0.1 mol/L HCl, 0.1 mol/L NaOH and other solvents compared with conventional chitosan coating. The relative standard deviation of the run-to-run, day-to-day and capillary-to-capillary coating was all below 2% for the determination of EOF The COCH-modified capillary was applied to acidic and basic proteins analyses and high efficiency could be attained. The comparison between unmodified capillary, chitosan-modified and COCH-modified capillary for the separation of real sample, extract from Elaphglossum yoshinagae with water, was also studied. Better results could be obtained on COCH-modified capillary than the other two capillaries. (C) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.