Inhibitory effects of 4-vinylbenzaldehyde and 4-vinylbenzoic acid on the activity of mushroom tyrosinase
- 生命科学－已发表论文 
Tyrosinase (EC 18.104.22.168) catalyzes both the hydroxylation of ryrosine into o-diphenols and the oxidation of o-diphenols into o-quinones which form brown or black pigments. Here, the inhibitory effects of 4-vinylbenzaldehyde and 4-vinylbenzoic acid on the activity of mushroom tyrosinase have been investigated. The results showed that both 4-vinylbenzaldehyde and 4-vinylbenzoic acid could inhibit both monophenolase activity and diphenolase activity of the enzyme. For the monophenolase activity, 4-vinylbenzoic acid could lengthen the lag time, but 4-vinylbenzaldehyde could not. Both 4-vinylbenzaldehyde and 4-vinylbenzoic acid decreased the steady-state activity, and the IC50 values were estimated as 93 mu M and 3.0 mM for monophenolase activity, respectively. For the diphenolase activity, the inhibitory capacity of 4-vinylbenzaldehyde was stronger than that of 4-vinylbenzoic acid, and the IC50 values were estimated as 23 mu M and 0.33 mM, respectively. Kinetic analyses showed that inhibition by both compounds was reversible and their mechanisms were mixed-II type; their inhibition constants were also determined and compared.