- 生命科学－已发表论文 
Mushroom tyrosinase (EC 18.104.22.168) catalyzes both the hydroxylation of tyrosine into o-diphenols and the oxidation of o-diphenols into o-quinones that form brown or black pigments. In the present paper, inhibitory effects on the diphenolase activity of 10 compounds of the salicylic acid-family on the diphenolase activity of mushroom tyrosinase have been studied. The results show that some of these compounds behave as reversible inhibitors. Salicylic acid is a competitive inhibitor while 4-methoxysalicylic acid is non-competitive, 5-methoxysalicylic acid is mixed-I type and 4-methylsalicylic acid and 5-methylsalicylic acid are mixed-II type. The inhibition constants of these five compounds were evaluated. The inhibition strength follows the order: 4-methylsalicylic acid > 5-methylsalicylic acid > 4-methoxysalicylic acid > salicylic acid > 5-methoxysalicylic acid. Models of the interaction between the enzyme and the inhibitors are further discussed and compared. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
CitationELSEVIER SCI LTD，Volume 95, Issue 4, April 2006, Pages 579-584