Surface-enhanced Raman scattering from transition metals with special surface morphology and nanoparticle shape
- 化学化工－已发表论文 
This discussion focuses on our recent approaches at aiming to optimize surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) activity for transition metals ( group VIII B elements), by intentionally fabricating desired surface nanostructures or synthesizing nanoparticles. The SERS activity of transition metals critically depends on the surface morphology of electrodes and on size, shape and aggregation form of nanoparticles. A correct surface roughening procedure for transition-metal electrodes is indispensable for fabricating cauliflower-like nanostructures that show a higher SERS activity. Two more methods have been explored to synthesize nanoparticles, i.e., cubic nanoparticles and gold-core palladium-shell nanostructures, respectively. Their SERS activities are considerably higher than those of normal spherical mono-metallic nanoparticles. To explain these observations, a preliminary theoretical calculation, using the three-dimensional finite difference time domain (3D-FDTD) method, was performed to evaluate the local electromagnetic field on transition metal surfaces. The result is in good agreement with the experimental data.