Inhibitory effects of cis- and trans-isomers of 3,5-dihydroxystilbene on the activity of mushroom tyrosinase
- 生命科学－已发表论文 
The effects of cis- and trans-isomers of 3,5-dihydroxystilbene on the activity of mushroom tyrosinase have been studied. The results show that both cis- and trans-isomers of 3,5-diliydroxystilbetic can inhibit the diphenolase activity of the enzyme and the inhibition type was reversible. The IC50 values were estimated as 0.405 +/- 0.013 and 0.705 +/- 0.017 mM, respectively. Kinetic analysis showed that the inhibition of cis-3,5-dihydroxystilbene and trans-3,5-dihydroxystilbene on the diphenolase activity of the enzyme belonged to competitive type, and the inhibition constants (K-I) were determined to be 0.232 +/- 0.015 and 0.395 +/- 0.020 mM, respectively. In this investigation, the inhibitory effects of cis-3,5-dihydroxystilbene and trans-3,5-dihydroxystilbene on the diphenolase activity of mushroom tyrosillase were compared. The inhibitory capacity of cis-isomer was stronger than that of corresponding trans-isomer. Nevertheless, the trans-3,5-dihydroxystilbene was used more frequently than its corresponding cis-form compound. This research may offer some references for designing and synthesizing sonic novel and effective tyrosinase inhibitors. Furthermore, it may improve the use of stilbenes on the field of food preservation and depigmentation. (c) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.