ATPase domain of Hsp70 exhibits intrinsic ATP-ADP exchange activity
- 生命科学－已发表论文 
The chaperone activity of Hsp70 in protein folding and its conformational switching are regulated through the hydrolysis of ATP and the ATP-ADP exchange cycle. It was reported that, in the presence of physiological concentrations of ATP (-5 mM) and ADP (-0.5 mM), Hsp70 catalyzes ATP-ADP exchange through transfer of gamma-phosphate between ATP and ADP, via an autophosphorylated intermediate, whereas it only catalyzes the hydrolysis of ATP in the absence of ADP. To clarify the functional domain of the ATP-ADP exchange activity of Hsp70, we isolated the 44-kD ATPase domain of Hsp70 after limited proteolysis with alpha-chymotrypsin (EC 22.214.171.124). The possibility of ATP-ADP exchange activity of a contaminating nucleoside diphosphate kinase (EC 126.96.36.199) was monitored throughout the experiments. The purified 44-kD ATPase domain exhibited intrinsic ATP-ADP exchange by catalyzing the transfer of gamma-phosphate between ATP and ADP with acid-stable autophosphorylation at Thr204.