The selective synthesis of single-crystalline CdS nanobelts and nanowires by thermal evaporation at lower temperature
- 化学化工－已发表论文 
CdS nanobelts and nanowires were successfully synthesized by simple thermal evaporation of CdS powder at a temperature as low as 650 degrees C, using pure H-2 as a carrier gas. The morphology of the products could be conveniently controlled by adjusting the deposition parameters. Electron microscopy studies of the materials showed that the single-crystalline CdS nanowires have a diameter of 200 nm and a length of tens of micrometres, and the nanobelts are 100 - 200 nm in width, 30 nm in thickness and tens of micrometres in length. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy demonstrated that the nanobelts, which are different from the nanowires growing along the  direction, have three types of growth direction: [2 (1) over bar(1) over bar0], [01 (1) over bar0] and . It is demonstrated that a reductive carrier gas, such as hydrogen, plays an important role in the whole growth process of CdS nanowires and nanobelts.