Anti-inflammatory activity of 4-arylcoumarins from endophytic Streptomyces aureofaciens CMUAc130 in murine macrophage RAW 264.7 cells (Retracted article. See vol. 38, pg. 869, 2009)
Taechowisan, Thongchai（Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Silpakorn University, Nakorn, Pathom, Thailand）
Tuntiwachwuttikul, Pittaya（Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Silpakorn University, Nakorn, Pathom, Thailand）
Lumyong, Saisamorn（Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand）
Taylor, Walter C.（School of Chemistry, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia）
- 生命科学－已发表论文 
This research was undertaken to test the in vitro anti-inflammatory action of 5,7,4'-trimethoxy-4-phenylcoumarin and 5,7-dimethoxy-4-phenylcoumarin produced by Streptomyces aureofaciens CMUAc130. The effects of the two coumarins were investigated on the formation of NO, PGE(2), and TNF-alpha and also on inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced murine macrophage RAW 264.7 cells. The data obtained were consistent with the modulation of iNOS enzyme expression. A similar effect was also observed when LPS-induced PGE(2) release and COX-2 expression were tested. The inhibitory effects were shown in concentration-dependent manners. The 5,7,4'-Trimethoxy-4-phenylcoumarin and 5,7-dimethoxy-4-phenylcoumarin also mildly but significantly reduced the formation of TNF-alpha.