Inhibition of P38 MAPK reduces tumor conditioned medium-induced angiogenesis in co-cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells and fibroblasts
- 生命科学－已发表论文 
Tumor conditioned medium (CM) has been widely used to stimulate endothelial cells to form capillary-like structures in in vitro angiogenesis models. We report herein the effect of HT1080 and A549 CM after they were mixed with microvascular endothelial cells medium-2 (EGM-2) on angiogenesis in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Both HT1080 and A549 CM decreased HUVEC proliferation, to different extents. While A549 CM significantly increased capillary-like structure formation in a co-culture system, no effect of HT1080 was apparent. Inhibition of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) blocked both basal and A549 CM induced capillary-like structure formation, but inhibition of extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK) and that of c-Jun N-terminal protein kinases (JNK) MAPK had no such effect. Activation of ERK MAPK was inhibited by both CMs, whereas p38 MAPK was inactivated by HT1080 and activated by A549 CM and a control. Neither CM had an effect on JNK MAPK. The results suggest that p38 MAPK played a critical role in capillary-like structure formation in the co-culture, partly via promotion of apoptosis in HUVECs.