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dc.contributor.author刘益芳
dc.contributor.author王凌云
dc.contributor.author孙道恒
dc.contributor.author吴德志
dc.date.accessioned2016-05-17T02:44:20Z
dc.date.available2016-05-17T02:44:20Z
dc.date.issued2012
dc.identifier.citation光学精密工程,2012,(10):104-111
dc.identifier.issn1004-924X
dc.identifier.otherGXJM201210013
dc.identifier.urihttps://dspace.xmu.edu.cn/handle/2288/105562
dc.description.abstract为了将微隧穿式陀螺仪(MTg)的隧尖与检测电极之间的隧道间隙及其变动量分别维持在1nM和0.1nM并降低系统噪声和扩大带宽,本文为其检测模态设计了线性二次高斯(lQg)闭环反馈系统。在利用微小量法对呈指数规律的隧道效应进行线性化的基础上,建立了MTg检测模态的线性化模型,并将哥氏加速度和电子隧道1/f噪声分别当作主要的过程噪声和输出噪声,设计了由最优状态估计器和线性二次(lQ)状态调节器组成的lQg控制器。搭建了仿真系统和实际的lQg控制电路并进行动态测试。仿真结果显示,lQg控制在将系统的信噪比提高24db的同时,能够将两个隧道电极之间的间隙的变动量控制在10-4 nM。实验曲线表明,隧道电流噪声的峰峰值为0.4nA,lQg反馈控制系统在动态加速度信号的激励下可维持恒定隧道间隙为1nM。
dc.description.abstractIn order to maintain the tunneling gap and its fluctuation between a tunneling tip and a detecting electrode at the operation points of 1 nm and 0.1 nm respectively,a Linear Quadratic Gauss(LQG) closed-loop feedback control system was designed to reduce the system noise and to expand the bandwidth of the Micro Tunneling Gyroscope(MTG).Based on the linearization of the exponential tunneling effect using the minification method,the linearized model of the sensing mode of the MTG was deduced.By taking the Coriolis acceleration and electronic tunneling 1/f noise as the process noise and output noise of the sensing mode of the MTG,respectively,the LQG controller composed of a optimal state estimator and a Linear Quadratic(LQ)regulator was designed.The simulated system and the real LQG control circuit were established for the dynamic test.The simulation results show that the signal-to-noise ratio can be increased by 24 dB and the deviation of the tunneling gap between the two electrodes can be maintained at the value of 10-4 nm by the proposed LQG feedback controller.Furthermore,the testing curve indicates that the peak-to-peak amplitude of the tunneling current noise is 0.4 nA and the tunneling gap can be controlled to be 1 nm under the excitation of dynamic acceleration.
dc.description.sponsorship国家自然科学基金资助项目(No.51035002);青年科学基金资助项目(No.51105320);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目(No.2010121039)
dc.language.isozh_CN
dc.subject隧道检测
dc.subject陀螺仪
dc.subject检测模态
dc.subject线性二次高斯控制
dc.subjecttunneling detection
dc.subjectgyroscope
dc.subjectsensing mode
dc.subjectLinear Quadratic Gauss(LQG) control.
dc.title微隧穿式陀螺仪检测模态的线性二次高斯控制
dc.title.alternativeLQG control for sensing mode of micro tunneling gyroscope
dc.typeArticle


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