In vitro anti-inflammatory activity of 4-arylcoumarins from endophytic Streptomyces aureofaciens CMUAc130 in murine macrophage RAW 264.7 cells
Taechowisan, Thongchai（Silpakorn Univ, Fac Sci, Dept Microbiol, Nakhon Pathom 73000, Thailand）
Lumyong, Saisamorn（Chiang Mai Univ, Fac Sci, Dept Biol, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand）
- 生命科学－已发表论文 
This research was undertaken to find the in vitro inflammatory action of 5,7-dimethoxy4- p-methoxylphenylcoumarin and 5,7-dimethoxy-4-phenylcoumarin produced by Streptomyces aureofaciens CMUAc130. We investigated the effects of 5,7-dimethoxy-4-p-methoxylphenylcoumarin and 5,7-dimethoxy-4-phenylcoumarin not only on the formation of nitric oxide (NO), PGE(2), TNF-alpha, IL-6 and IL-1 beta, but also on inducible NO synthase and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced murine macrophage RAW 264.7 cells. The data obtained were consistent with the modulation of iNOS enzyme expression. A similar fashion was also observed when LPS-induced PGE2 release and COX-2 expression were tested. The significant inhibitory effects were shown in concentration-dependent manners. In addition, 5,7-dimethoxy-4-p-methoxylphenylcoumarin and 5,7-dimethoxy-4-phenylcoumarin also mildly but significantly reduced the formation of TNF-alpha. These findings support the application of 5,7-dimethoxy-4-p-methoxylphenylcoumarin and 5,7-dimethoxy-4-phenylcoumarin as anti-inflammatory agents.