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dc.contributor.author陈慧贞(国家海洋局第三海洋研究所)
dc.contributor.author何淡云
dc.contributor.author肖漳龄
dc.contributor.author蔡启瑞
dc.date.accessioned2011-08-09T10:01:12Z
dc.date.available2011-08-09T10:01:12Z
dc.date.issued1985-05
dc.identifier.citation高等学校化学学报,1985,6(5):433-440zh_CN
dc.identifier.issn0251-0790
dc.identifier.urihttps://dspace.xmu.edu.cn/handle/2288/10383
dc.description.abstract[中文文摘]本文探讨了乙苯催化脱氢制苯乙烯工业氧化铁系催化剂晶格氧与水蒸汽氧的交换以及晶格氧参与反应的微观机理.实验结果表明:催化剂晶格氧参与反应,与水蒸汽氧有交换,反应途径以直接脱氢为主,并发生氧转移脱氢.讨论了两种脱氢反应途径中,晶格氧参与反应的微观过程.强调指出,晶格电子传递和邻近活性位氧化还原周期协同进行是氧转移脱氢机理的必要条件.[英文文摘]The role of lattice oxygen in catalytic dehydrogcnation of ethylbenzene over industrial iron-oxide-based catalysts, 11 (Cr-consaining) and 210 (Cr-free), has been investigated by means of the following experiments: (1) Determination of amounts of H2O produced due to removal of lattice oxygen by reaction with ethyl-benzene used as the feed without addition of steam, and observation of gradual decay of catalytic activities, and changes in the X-ray powder-diffraction patterns of the used catalysts; (2) with ethylbenzene plus D2O as the feed,determination of the change in D2/H2 ratio in the exit gas for very high and very low space velocities;and(3)with ethylbenzene plus D218O as the feed,observation of isotopic exchange of lattice 16O with steam 18O from the red shifts in the IR spectra of the used catalyst.The results indicate that direct heterolytic dehdrogenation of ethylbenzene appcared to be the major rection pathway,but a minor reaction pathway of ethylbenzene dehydiogenation by oxygen-transfer mechanism also appcared to make an apprceiable contribution(about 20%)to the overall conversion.Mechanisms of these two reaction pathways are discussed.For the oxygen-transfer dehydrogenation mechanism,the importance of electron transport between neighboring active-sites operating cooperatively in opposite phascs of their redox cycles is pointed out.zh_CN
dc.language.isozhzh_CN
dc.publisher《高等学校化学学报》编辑部zh_CN
dc.title乙苯脱氢制苯乙烯氧化铁系催化剂的研究——晶格氧的作用zh_CN
dc.title.alternativeMechanistic Studies on Catalytic Dehydrogenation of Ethylbenzene Over Iron-Oxide-Based Catalyst Systems --Role of Lattice Oxygenzh_CN
dc.typeArticlezh_CN


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