Enrichment of Cancer Cells Using Aptamers Immobilized on a Microfluidic Channel
Xia, Zheng（Univ Florida）
Fan, Z. Hugh（Univ Florida）
Phillips, Joseph A.（Univ Florida）
Tan, Weihong（Univ Florida）
- 生命科学－已发表论文 
This work describes the development and investigation of an aptamer modified microfluidic device that captures rare cells to achieve a rapid assay without pretreatment of cells. To accomplish this, aptamers are first immobilized on the surface of a poly(dimethylsiloxane) microchannel, followed by pumping a mixture of cells through the device. This process permits the use of optical microscopy to measure the cell-surface density from which we calculate the percentage of cells captured as a function of cell and aptamer concentration, flow velocity, and incubation time. This aptamer-based device was demonstrated to capture target cells with > 97% purity and > 80% efficiency. Since the cell capture assay is completed within minutes and requires no pretreatment of cells, the device promises to play a key role in the early detection and diagnosis of cancer where rare diseased cells can first be enriched and then captured for detection.