Modeling Ca2+ feedback on a single inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor and its modulation by Ca2+ buffers
Pearson, John E.
- 物理技术－已发表论文 
The inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor/channel (IP3R) is a major regulator of intracellular Ca2+ signaling, and liberates Ca2+ ions from the endoplasmic reticulum in response to binding at cytosolic sites for both IP3 and Ca2+. Although the steady-state gating properties of the IP3R have been extensively studied and modeled under conditions of fixed [IP3] and [Ca2+], little is known about how Ca2+ flux through a channel may modulate the gating of that same channel by feedback onto activating and inhibitory Ca2+ binding sites. We thus simulated the dynamics of Ca2+ self-feedback on monomeric and tetrameric IP3R models. A major conclusion is that self-activation depends crucially on stationary cytosolic Ca2+ buffers that slow the collapse of the local [Ca2+] microdomain after closure. This promotes burst-like reopenings by the rebinding of Ca2+ to the activating site; whereas inhibitory actions are substantially independent of stationary buffers but are strongly dependent on the location of the inhibitory Ca2+ binding site on the IP3R in relation to the channel pore