Humanized antibodies with broad-spectrum neutralization to avian influenza virus H5N1
Shih, J. Wai-Kuo
- 生命科学－已发表论文 
Hemagglutinin (HA), the major antigen on the surface of influenza viruses, is the primary target for neutralizing antibodies and vaccine design. However, frequent mutations in this gene allow the virus to evade host immune responses and conventional prophylaxis and treatment. In this report, we humanized 4D1 and 10F7 mouse monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) that, we had previously shown to display broad-spectrum neutralization to avian H5N1 virus. The genes of variable (V) regions of 4D1 and 10F7 mAbs were combined with constant region of human antibody to construct the chimeric antibodies (cAbs). The results of hemagglutinin inhibition (HI) and neutralization assays showed that 4D1 and 10F7 cAbs were functional and retained broad-spectrum reactivity. Antibody competitive ELISA and affinity tests indicated that the cAbs recognized the same epitope as the parent mAbs with similar affinity. In animal experiments, the 10F7 cAb showed full protection against lethal challenge of highly virulent avian H5N1 virus, A/BH Goose/QH/15C/2005, in all infected mice. These humanized broad-spectrum antibodies may be potentially important for the control of both current and future antigenic variants of H5N1 virus. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
CitationAntiviral Research，Volume 87, Issue 1, July 2010, Pages 81-84