Subcellular distribution of rare earth elements and characterization of their binding species in a newly discovered hyperaccumulator Pronephrium simplex
- 化学化工－已发表论文 
Subcellular distribution of rare earth elements (REEs, including 14 lanthanides and yttrium) in a newly discovered REE hyperaccumulator, Pronephrium simplex (P. simplex), was determined by a chemical sequence extraction followed by ICP-MS analysis. Results showed that most REEs are associated with cell wall and proteins, and REEs concentration in the proteins, 2899.5 mu g g(-1), is much higher than those in the cell wall; in the chloroplast of P. simplex, REEs distribute almost equally in chloroplast membrane and thylakoid, while most REEs in the thylakoid are binding with photosystem II (PS II); a new REE-binding peptide in the lamina of P. simplex, which can accumulate REEs up to 3000 mu g g(-1) and has higher affinity with light REEs, was characterized, indicating that its molecular mass is 5073 Da, and may have P-sheet structure; isoelectrofocusing electrophoretic photograph indicated that it is acidic peptide with IP of 3.7. Such information should be useful for understanding of both the storage and physiological role of REEs in P. simplex and further studies on the phytoremediation of REEs contaminated environments. (c) 2006 Published by Elsevier B.V.